• Nova Rina Universitas Bung Hatta
  • Yusrita Yanti Universitas Bung Hatta
  • Putri Hardiyanti Universitas Bung Hatta




Metaphor, Types, Function, Quotes


This paper aims at explaining the use of metaphors in terms of types and functions as found in the English Quotes. The qualitative method is used to describe, analyze, and interpret the collected data. The data were taken from English Quotes published on the website of Pinterest, and all of the data were analyzed by using a semantics-cognitive approach. After doing the data analysis, the writers find nineteen anthropomorphic, sixteen animal metaphors, thirteen metaphors from concrete to abstract, and two synaesthetic metaphors used in the Quotes. The types of metaphors used in the Quotes reflect their functions. There are three functions in those metaphors, such as to convey the inexpressibility of action, shorten the language, and vividness of emotional states. Each of these functions consists of different categories. Then, the writers also find some of the English quotes are a member of a particular culture, such as American, Japanese, and Indonesian cultures, and mostly tend to be universal. The contribution of studying metaphors used in the English Quotes is to develop one’s imagination and enrich the English learners’ vocabularies. There are a lot of things that can be analogous to something else so that the delivery of words becomes beautiful, has artistic value and a beautiful texture, and is full of meaning.


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