LANGUAGE STYLE IN ANSWERING THE SPEECH ACT OF REQUEST FOR INFORMATION
Keywords:Language Style, Speech Act of Request, Function, Social Factors
Languages can be used in various ways to say the same thing, such as addressing and greeting others, informing and describing things, and also expressing how one’s feeling. This study aims at investigating the language style used in answering the speech act of requesting a piece of information. The problems were various in types and expressive functions. In collecting data, the writer used the instrument Discourse Completion Test (DCT) questionnaires that consist of the question “Where were you last Saturday night?”. The questionnaires were distributed to 40 students and asked them to complete the answer according to the situation given in the DCT. All of the data were observed, collected, classified, and analyzed qualitatively in a frame of discourse and socio-pragmatic theories. The results show language varieties in terms of formal and informal style with direct and indirect strategy; the varieties illustrate social meaning, speech functions as an expression of basic emotions, and politeness principles.
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