ANALYSIS OF VOCABULARY MASTERY OF MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN 9 YEARS OLD AT SLB NEGERI 1 RANAH PESISIR
Keywords:language acquisition, vocabulary, mental retardation.
This research discusses language acquisition in mentally retarded children at school and has the purpose to examine the mastery of language and vocabulary as well as sentence structures used by mentally retarded children in 9-year-old children of SLB Negeri 1 Ranah Pesisir. This research is qualitative, which contains a description of the child's language and vocabulary mastery and its presentation. vocabulary and sentence structure used by mentally retarded children. The data collection methods used in this research are observation and interview methods. The techniques used in this research are skillful listening techniques, and advanced recording and note-taking techniques. The population in this research were mentally retarded children and teachers who taught at SLB Negeri 1 Ranah Pesisir. The results of this research were Raju, a child with severe mental retardation, was able to understand 40 basic vocabularies from a total of 300 basic vocabularies provided, while Dayat, a mild mentally retarded child, was able to understand 200 basic vocabularies from a total of 300 basic vocabularies provided. This is natural because indeed the ability of children with severe and mild mental retardation is of course different, especially in language. The child's "ability to understand" is reflected in the IQ of each child, if the IQ for mild mental retardation is between 55-60 to 80, then severe mental retardation ranges from 15-20 to 25-30, so the ability to understand this basic vocabulary is different, Raju and Dayat.
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